The UK job market

ALL job sectors will be recruiting ...

... because many people will be retiring and some will change jobs

UK Maptext

LMI Top Trumps September 2020UK and regional employment rates, average income and percentage of students

Source National Careers Service, updated September 2020 (303kb PDF)


Job growth includes:

  • Business services will drive growth, adding over 1.3m jobs
  • Retail, accommodation and catering are expected to grow moderately, adding 640,000 jobs
  • Construction will grow driven by demand for housing and infrastructure projects, adding 300,000 jobs
  • Health and social care will continue to grow due to the ageing population. In addtition*, the NHS has a shortage of 100,000 staff across England, which is expected to increase to 250,000 by 2030. Around 30% of qualified nursing, midwifery and health visiting staff are over 50. By 2020, the number of GPs is being increased by 5,000. Around 20,000 more social care staff will be needed by 2030. Increasingly, social care and health care services are merging. In 2019:
    - 7,500 new nursing associate jobs will be trained nationally
    - there are 350 new physician associates in the UK anbd more are due to be trained
    - new advanced clinical practitioners from nursing, pharmacists, paramedics, occupational therapy and other healthcare backgrounds are also being trained
  • Business, science, engineering and technology, and teaching will need more people with high levels qualifications
  • Carers and elementary administration and service occupations, such as clerical, cleaners, security guards, kitchen assistants) will have a high demand
*Source: Calderdale Employment and Skills Board March 2019

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Find out what the key UK trends are in 15 different job sectors - click on the individual sectors to download an infographic about jobs and earnings, regional hotspots for that sector, and data about the top 10 occupations.
Source: Emsi economic modelling, updated April 2018.


Job losses include:

  • Public sector and manufacturing will both have smaller shares of jobs – but both will have vacancies because of replacement demand from people retiring etc
  • Skilled and semi-skilled manual jobs
  • Traditional clerical jobs
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Top 10 occupations expected to recruit the most people by 2024:

  • Managers and directors, such as chief executives, production managers - 1.89m
  • Caring and personal services, such as care workers, nursing auxiliaries - 1.47m
  • Elementary administration and service jobs, such as security guards, cleaners, shelf fillers, bar staff - 1.37m
  • Business and public service associate professionals, such as accounting technicians, insurance underwriters - 1.3m
  • Business, media and public service professionals, such as lawyers, accountants, surveyors - 1.04m
  • Administrative jobs, such as finance officers, pensions and insurance clerks, sales administrators - 1.04m
  • Teaching and education professionals - 920,000
  • Health professionals, such as doctors, nurses, radiographers, pharmacists - 795,000
  • Science, research, engineering and technology professionals, such as engineers, chemists, IT professionals - 747,000
  • Sales - 639,000

All jobs sectors will be recruiting due to people retiring or changing jobs. The number of jobs in the UK is expected to grow each year by around 0.5%. Start by searching for local vacancies 

The number of jobs in occupations that need a high level qualification, such as a degree or technician level qualification, is expected to continue growing but more slowly than between 2004 and 2014.

 Sources: UKCES: Working Futures 2014 to 2024; April 2016


Page partly updated July 219


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